Thursday, August 21, 2014
Timeline of the Ebola Outbreak
Ebola virus is characterized by multisystem involvement that begins with abrupt onset of headache, myalgia (muscle pain) and fever proceeding to prostration (extremely weak), rash, shock, and often bleeding. It is spread mainly through close body contact or body fluids.
Ebola virus has five distinguishable species: Zaire, Sudan, Cote d’Ivoire, Bundibugyo, and Reston. Reston was reported to have originated from the Philippines. It causes fatal infections in monkeys but only subclinical infections (relatively harmless) in humans.
As of now, there is no known effective vaccine or antiviral drug for this disease. Although the mentioned signs and symptoms are nonspecific, it is important to consult with a doctor immediately if such symptoms are observed to prevent further spread of the disease.
Source: Peters, C. J. 2012. Ebola and Marburg Viruses. In Longo, D. L., Fauci, A. S., Kasper, D. L., Hauser, S. L., Jameson, J. L., and Loscalzo (Eds.), Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine (Vol. 1; 18th ed.; pp. 1633-1636). United States of America: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.