“SUICIDE is a major public health problem. The PSYCHOLOGICAL PAIN that leads each of these individuals to take their lives is unimaginable. Their deaths leave families and friends bereft, and often have a major ripple effect on communities”
(International Association of Suicide Prevention, 2014).
In Europe and North America, MENTAL DISORDERS (particularly DEPRESSION and ALCOHOL USE DISORDERS) are a major risk factor for suicide.
In Asian countries, IMPULSIVENESS plays an important role.
CONNECTEDNESS is crucial to individuals who may be vulnerable to suicide. SOCIAL ISOLATION can increase the risk of suicide and, conversely, HAVING STRONG HUMAN BONDS can be protective against it. REACHING OUT to those who have become disconnected from others and offering them support and friendship may be a life-saving act” (IASP, 2014).
"Connectedness can also be understood in terms of clinical care. Mental illness, particularly depression, is an important risk factor for suicide. Internationally, treatments for mental illness have improved, but access to these treatments remains unequal. Primary care providers, often the first port of call for people with mental illness, are not always able to diagnose and treat mental illness. Specialist mental health care providers are not always available, so referral options may be limited. Even when services are available, they are not always sufficiently well-coordinated to provide optimal care. People with mental illness often ‘fall through the cracks’, particularly – but not exclusively – in developing countries” (IASP, 2014).
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International Association for Suicide Prevention (2014). World suicide prevention day - 10 September, 2014. Retrieved fromhttp://www.iasp.info/wspd/